In the United States, Statistics from 2006 shows that Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death...
In the United States, Statistics from 2006 shows that Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death, Homicide being 15th, and HIV being the 19th cause. Through this data, 1 person every 16 minutes is said to have died because of suicide, and for every suicide, 7 people are intimately affected. In 1 of the 7 people, Mental Health Professionals also face losses. In 1 to 2 Medical Doctors, 1 in 4 Psychologists, and 1 in 7 Graduate Students before receiving a license are often affected by patients or someone close being lost to Suicide. These suicides lead to questions like, why? Why do people kill themselves?
Counter-transference Reactions include:
1. Fear to external threat
2. Anxiety being the external fear of ‘can’t do what they want them to do’
3. Helplessness and frustration happens when things do not work out
4. Anger for when it gets to be too much
5. Hate for an external level of personal issue
After much thorough research, one of Karl Menninger’s theories reads “the wish to kill, the wish to be killed, and the wish to die.” He comprehends that these reasons dictate why people would kill themselves. One example of this is shown through the situation of a 2 year old being brought up under the abuse of nuns and molestation of a Priest at 8 years old. Even years later after the trauma, does this two year old still state, “I’d like to kill a priest.” Suicide can also be a solution to one’s problems, if one would expect an adequate reason as to why.
When someone reacts to suicide, it should also be notable to find a resource to deal with the mental trauma. Resources of help could be from anyone you can trust such as a spouse or partner, colleague and even therapy, Consultation, or Literature. By some help or a help resource, one might be able to deal with some of the following reactions:
1. Guilt and Shame, reasons for that person’s suicide.
2. Fear and Anxiety: Punished for the thought of doing something wrong.
3. Helplessness because they could not keep them alive.
4. Anger and Hate, “how could you do this to yourself?” “How could you cause me so much pain?”
The Losses to suicide often lead to other suicides. One who suffers from a suicide loss is more than likely to follow in the steps of the person before them. To prevent one from approaching suicide, one must first be alert of the symptoms of suicide. Symptoms of suicide include depression, stuffer (the stacking of personal problems upon one’s shoulders), feeling indifferent, and behavior or verbal changes. By recognizing these symptoms or dealing with these symptoms, one may be able to cross out the option of suicide. If not, most of these symptoms cause suicide to be an option.
Another way of preventing suicide is to also establish an empathetic connection. Listen with 3 ears:
1. Curious Naïve Ear – “I want to know”
2. Historic Ear – “How does it fit in?”
3. Theoretical Ear – “Where does it fit in?”
4. Interpret the abandonment or betrayal – keeping oneself independent from the dependent can cause the dependant to go towards suicide
When you are reestablishing a connection with self start by listening with 3 ears, clarifying questions, and also to confront internal contradictions, don’t beat around the bush, be as less threatening as possible. With a narcissistic patient, a Therapist uses interpretation to establish an empathetic lifeline with the patient. For a borderline patient, the therapist uses confrontation to help the patient establish an empathetic connection with oneself. For the medication strategy, do not use medication on a narcissistic or borderline patient. There is no medication for the desire to die, however medication to deal with emotional symptoms are available. It is better to target specific symptoms than to worry about whether or not the medication you are giving them will lure them away from the temptation of suicide.
The prevention of suicide cannot totally be thwarted by someone other than the person itself; however with help from those around the patient, the prevention of suicide can be of a higher value. Although in some cases, the results vary. It is better for one to have tried than for one to have only failed and follow in the same steps.
Suicide may be the 11th leading cause of death in the United States according to 2006 statistics, but in recent days, the prevention of suicide is gaining awareness. By enabling the public to knowledge of suicide and the prevention of suicide, many hope to end the tragedies that lay behind the experiences that cause these suicides.