Facts About Psychology and Key-terms Used in Psychoanalysis
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Facts About Psychology and Key-terms Used in Psychoanalysis

The freudian analysis of psychology and psychoanalysis and key-terms used in both are discussed.

Psychology is the study of the mind. It covers a wide field of investigation, from learning and perception to behavioural aspects of business and education. The application of psychological illness is called psychiatry.

The special branches of psychology are abnormal, animal, clinical, cognitive, developmental, education, experimental, social and vocational. The psychoanalysis occurs in cognitive branch. This is a study of processes such as learning, memory and acquisition of language.

Sigmund freud, the Austrian Freud, the inventor of psychoanalysis coined much of the terminology still used in psychology. His theory of the development of the psyche is based on the idea that alarming early memories are repressed, potentially causing neuroses in later life. He saw the psyche as being composed of three impulses that frequently conflict: Id, ego and superego. Other keyterms used are:

Archetype:

In Jungian psychology, the primal images or ideas that underline our notions of gods, heroes or saints.

Complex:

A cluster of emotionally charged ideas or perceptions which can affect behavior or health.

Ego:

In Freudian terminology of psychoanalysis  the part of the psyche that consciously interacts with the outside world, conflicting with the id and the superego.

Id:

In Freudian terminology, the instinctual libidinous feelings at the base of every human psyche, that seek immediate satisfaction unfiltered by reason or morality.

Libido:

This indicates the innate sex drive; in other words used in psychology, a more general will to survive.

Masochism:

Sexual pleasure or psychological relief derived from the experience of humiliation or physical pain.

Neurosis:

A mental disturbance(psychological) due to non-physical causes, manifested in the form of anxiety, hysterical behavior or similar.

Oedipus complex:

A Freudian theory of psychoanalysis named from a Greek myth – of the unconscious enmity a son feels towards his father as a rival for his mother’s affection; the female counterpart is known as an ‘Electra complex’.

Oral/Anal/Phallic stages:

Stages of sexual focus through which, according to Freud, children develop from birth to the age of six.

Paranoia:

Delusions of persecution or, less often, of grandeur.

Repression:

In Freudian and many other later schools, the mechanism by which painful or embarrassing memories and ideas are suppressed in conscious memory, while continuing to influence behavior through the unconscious.

Sadism:

Sexual pleasure or psychological relief derived from inflicting pain or humiliation.

Superego:

In Freudian terminology, the part of the psyche linked with higher feelings – altruism, ethics, conscience and guilt

Related keywords: douglas merritte
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