10 Branches of Psychology
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10 Branches of Psychology

Psychology is the study of mind. Psychology can be broadly classified into 10 main branches.

Psychology is known as the ‘Study of Mind’. Its also called dynamic science because no one can ever perceive or predict the behavior or nature of minds. Each individual’s actions, reactions and emotions tend to differ from one another.

The subject psychology itself is vast like an ocean. When broadly classified, psychology falls into 10 main branches. Let us briefly define and go through each one of them.

Behavioral Psychology

As the name indicates, its the study of behavioral science such as mental process and human behavioral patterns. Behavioral Psychology is based on study of the functions of brain cells.

Clinical Psychology

Clinical Psychology is a treatment oriented branch of psychology which deals with scientific ways of handling psychological problems. It is also called counseling psychology. This includes prevention, understanding and cure of psychological issues by counseling and psychotherapy.

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology is the branch of psychology which deals with the abnormalities in a person’s behavior and psyche. This is a branch of study which is commonly found in Human Resources Management courses and Criminal Law courses.

Educational Psychology

Educational Psychology is often taught in educational institutions like schools and colleges. This field of study basically focuses on student life. It deals with shyness, learning disorders, adolescence, sex education in children and so on. These studies and awareness comes in handy in the different developmental stages of children.

Developmental Psychology

As the name suggests, Developmental Psychology deals with the changes that occurs in a human being over course of time. It deals with early childhood developmental stages. This helps in identifying the causes, treatment and effects of any psychological disorders better.

Personality Psychology

Personality Psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with the IQ and personality of an individual. Different IQ tests and personality tests allow individuals to gauge themselves for better understanding. These are commonly found in interview tests and performance analysis.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary Psychology deals with the study of psychological stimuli in human beings. psychological stimuli include ability for developing linguistic skills, identifying a person’s state of mind, recognizing a kin from another and so on. We have noticed that babies, however small they are, easily get the cue of the above mentioned psychological stimuli.

Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology deals with the mental processes like thoughts, memory and problem solving. It basically deals with the perception and problem solving capability of the brain.

Legal Psychology

Legal Psychology is almost similar to cognitive and clinical psychology. It’s just that it has got a legal point of view. The legal psychologist assists the crime investigation by assessing the testimonies and statements of the witnesses and the victims.

Community Psychology

Community Psychology is the study of the psychological aspects of the individuals in a community. This is based on characteristics like interdependence, adaptation, diplomacy and so on.

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Comments (21)

Very informative and interesting article

Ranked #3 in General Psychology

Thanks mdlawyer.

Excellent article Nitha! - whilst doing my latest background research for one of my articles, I came across a reference in Wikipedia (Google his name and Wiki) about my old Applied Maths Prof Arthur Bleksley, and he was into Parapsychology: "Parapsychology is a discipline that seeks to investigate the existence and causes of psychic abilities, near-death experiences, and life after death using the scientific method. Parapsychological experiments have included the use of random number generators to test for evidence of precognition and psychokinesis with both human and animal subjects and Ganzfeld experiments to test for extrasensory perception."

Ranked #3 in General Psychology

Thanks for sharing these valuable points, Colin. Much appreciated. I always wanted to study psychology. But some how ended up in engineering.. lol.. :)

Yes - wish you could have met Prof Bozolli - our Elec Eng Prof - WHAT a character......where did you study Nitha?

Hummm . . . what about Applied Psychology? (Industrial, Sports, Environmental, Consumer)

This article has certainly helped me in trying to narrow down my field of knowledge. Out of all the ones I read the most outstanding field for me is abnormal psychology that peeks my greatest interest. I have always had the desire to figure out why or how another human being can willingly take a life. . .Dahmer for example. How does a human mind consciously with will do what he did to others of his own species?

melly kimutai


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